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地下防水施工规范

地下防水施工规范采用地下专用防水胶(聚酯无纺布做加强层)与聚合物防水砂浆等材料复合使用的防水体系。同时可做为地下防水工程设防要求中多道设防中的一道。本做法可适用于新旧地下室、内外防水做法的施工工艺。


地下防水施工规范

一、材料特点

 WUJIEFENGFANGSHUIZHENGTI,YOUYIDEDANZHANGXING,NENGJIAODASHIYINGJICENGDEBIANXINGNENGLI。

 KECHAOSHIJIMIANSHIGONG,KEYONGYUYINGSHUIMIANYUBEISHUIMIANDEFANGSHUIGONGCHENG。

 KEYUQITACAILIAOZUCHENGFUHEFANGSHUI,SHIYONGYUBUTONGDEDIXIADENGJI。

 SHUIXINGCHANPIN,BUWURANHUANJING,SHIYONGANQUAN、HUANBAO,YOULIYUBUTONGFENGDEHUANJINGSHIGONG。

二、材料要求

2.1 DIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAO

DIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAOXIGAODAN、NAIJIU、FANGMEIJUN、WUDUHUANBAODEXINXINGFANGSHUICAILIAO。QIXUANYONGTEZHIDEGUI、TAN、BINGRUYEPEIYIWUJIFENLIAOFUHEERCHENGDESHUANGZUFENFANGSHUICAILIAO。

2.1.1CAILIAOPEIBIJIPEILIAOFANGFA

  (1)  PEILIAO

   DIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAOCENGPEILIAO:YELIAO:FENLIAO=1DAI:1DAI

  (2)  PEILIAOFANGFA

XIANJIANGYELIAODAORURONGQIZHONG,ZAIJIANGFENLIAOMANMANDAORUYELIAOZHONG,CHONGFENJIAOBANZHIJUNYUN、WUKELIDEGAOHUZHUANG。RUOHUNHEWUTAICHOUKEJIARUSHILIANGQINGSHUI。(SHIJIMIANQINGKUANG、HUANJING、WENDUDENGYINSUBUTONG,KESHIDANGSHAODIAOZHENGJIASHUILIANG)。


三、施工工艺

3.1 JICENGYAOQIUHECHULI

3.1.1JICENGBIAOMIANDEQIKONG、AOTUBUPING、FENGWO、FENGXI、QISHADENG,YINGXIUBUCHULI,JIMIANBIXUGANJINGWUFUJIANG、WUSHUIZHU、BUSHENSHUI。

3.1.2 SHIGONGQIANYINGXIANDUIYINYANGJIAO、YUMAIJIAN、CHUANQIANGGUANZHOUWEIJINXINGKAICAO,JINXINGMIFENGHEJIAQIANGCHULI。 

3.1.3DIXIAZHAOPINGCENGYOUTIAOJIANKEJIASHEFENGEFENG,JIANJU4-6m,FENGKUAN10-20mm,SHENDU20mm,BINGQIANTIANYETIQIANFENGGAO。

3.2 XIBUJIEDIANFANGSHUIGONGFA(KEXIANGJIANFULUJIEDIANTU)

3.2.1 XUZHUYIDEJIEDIANBUWEI:BIANXINGFENG、HOUJIAODAI、CHUANQIANGGUAN、MAISHEJIAN、ZHUANGTOU、KONGKOU、KENGCHIDENGCHUJUNXUZUOJIAQIANGFANGSHUICHULI。

3.2.2 SHIGONGGONGFA

BIANXINGFENG:ZAIZHENGDUIBIANXINGFENGCHU,YINGJIAPULIANGCENGGAOFENZIJUANCAIZUOFUJIACENG,DIYICENGKUANWEI500mm,DIERCENGKUANWEI700mm,YUDIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAOXINGCHENGFUHEFANGSHUI。FENGSHEZHONGMAISHIZHISHUIDAI。

CHUANQIANGGUAN:CHUANQIANGGUANYUJIEGOUCENGJIANYULIUAOCAO,CAONEIYONGQIANFENGYETIMIFENGGAO,BINGZENGSHEFANGSHUIJIAOFUJIACENG(NEISHEJUZHIBOXIANBU)。

HOUJIAODAI:ZAIHOUJIAODAICHU,XIANPUYICENGGAOFENZIFANGSHUIJUANCAIZUOFUJIACENG,YUDIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAOXINGCHENGFUHEFANGSHUI。SHEWAITIESHIZHISHUIDAI。

YINYANGJIAOCHULI:YINYANGJIAOCHUZUOCHENGYUANHUJIAO,YINJIAOZHIJINGYIDAYU50mm,YANGJIAOZHIJINGYIDAYU10mm。ZUOKUAN500mmYIBULIANGTUDEDIXIAFANGSHUIJIAOFUJIACENG。

ZHUANGTOU:ZAIZHUANGTOUCHUJINXINGFANGSHUICHULISHI,YIXUANYONGJUHEWUSHUINIFANGSHUISHAJIANGHESHUINIJISHENTOUJIEJINGXINGFANGSHUITULIAODEFUHEZUOFA。DIXIAFANGSHUIJIAOCENGYUZHUANGTOUDAJIECHU,CAIYONGYIBULIANGTUDEDIXIAFANGSHUIJIAOFUJIACENG。

FANGSHUIDAOQIANGSHUAICHA:CAIYONGDIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAOJINXINGSHIGONGSHI,DUIDAOQIANGYADINGSHEGELICENG,FANGSHUICENGSHIGONGHOUYONGZHUANQIBAOHU。ZAIYULIQIANGFANGSHUICENGXINGCHENGDAJIESHIKUANDUBUXIAOYU150mm。 

SHIGONGFENG:SHIGONGFENGCHUYINGSHEYUSHUIPENGZHANGZHISHUIJIAODAIHUOGANGBANZHISHUIDAI,BINGZUOTULIAOZENGQIANGCENG。

3.3 ZHENGMIANSHIGONG

DAMIANTUSHUA:TUSHUASHIYAOTUYUN、BULIUSHAYAN。TUSHUABUDIYUSIBIAN,DIYI、ERBIANTUSHUAHOUYINGPUSHETAITIBU,TUSHUAHOUDUBUDIYU0.5mm,BUDEDAJIEZHANGBIANBUSHAOYU100mm,DUANBIANBUSHAOYU150mm。BUYAOPUPING、PUZHI、ZHANJIELAOKAO,RUYOUZHEZHOU,YINGYONGJIANDAOJIANKAITIESHI,YIMIANYINGXIANGFANGSHUICENGMEIGUAN;MEIBIANJIANTUSHUAYINGYUSHANGTUCENGGONGYICHUIZHI,QIEZONGHOUDUBUDIYU1.5mm。

3.4 DIXIAFANGSHUIGAIZAOSHIGONG

3.4.1、GAIZAOJIMIAN,JICENGYINGJIANGU、PINGZHENG、WUMINGSHUISHENCHU。CHANCHUSHUSONGZHAOPINGCENG、ZHUANGSHICENG,QINGCHUYOUZHIHEQITAFANGAIJICENGYUFANGSHUICENGZHANJIEDEWUZHI。

3.4.2、JIANCHADANGDISHUIWEIQINGKUANG,ZAIJIEGOUSHOUDIXIA、YUSHUIDEYALIXIA,JIANGCAIYONGGANGROUJIEHEDEFANGFA,YIXUANYONGDEGANGXINGCAILIAORU:JUHEWUFANGSHUISHAJIANG、SHUINIJISHENTOUJIEJING、SHUIBULOUDENGCAILIAO。GANGXINGCAILIAOWEIDIYIDAOSHEFANG,DIXIAFANGSHUIJIAOZUODIERDAOSHEFANG。

3.4.3、JIMIANCHUXIANDAMIANJIYANZHONGSHENSHUISHI,DANGCAIQUCHENQIHOUHUOCHENQINEIZHUJIANG(JUANZHIGUANJIANGYE、HUANYANGSHUZHIGUANJIANGYE、CHAOXISHUINIGUANJIANGYE)ZHISHUIHUOYINSHUI,DAIJIMIANGANZAOHOU,TUSHUAJUHEWUFANGSHUISHAJIANGHEDIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAO,YINSHUIKONGZUIHOUFENGBI;BIYAOSHICAIYONGTIEBIHUNNINGTUCHENQIJIAQIANGDEFANGFA。

3.4.4JIMIANCHUXIANYIBANSHENLOUSHUIHESHENSHUIDIAN,KEXIANYONGSUNINGXINGSHUIBULOUJINXINGDUSHUI,ZAITUSHUAJUHEWUFANGSHUISHAJIANGHEDIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAO。

3.4.5JIMIANCHUXIANSHENLOUJIAODADELIEWEN,KEYONGSUNINGZHUJIANGYEJINXINGZHUJIANGDUSHUI。ZAITUSHUAJUHEWUFANGSHUISHAJIANGHEDIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAO。

3.5FUHESHEFANG

3.5.1、ANDIXIAFANGSHUIBUTONGDENGJIDEYAOQIUKECAIYONGFUHESHEFANG,XUANYONGCAILIAOYAOZHUYICAILIAOXIANGRONGXING。ZAIXUANYONGYUGAIXINGXINGLIQINGLEIDECAILIAOFUHESHI,DIXIAFANGSHUIJIAOYINGZUOWEIDIERDAOSHEFANG;ZAIYUGAOFENZIFANGSHUIJUANCAIFUHESHI,DIXIAFANGSHUICENGZUOWEIDIYIDAOFANGSHUISHEFANG。

3.5.2、FUHESHEFANGSHIDIXIAFANGSHUIJIAOZUOWEIQIZHONGDEYIDAOSHEFANG,QIZONGHOUDUBUDEDIYU1.5mm。

3.6 ZHUYISHIXIANG

3.6.1、DIXIASHIDINGBANZUOXISHIHUNNINGTUBAOHUCENGSHIYINGYUFANGSHUICENGJIANSHEGELICENG。

3.6.2、ZAIDIXIAGAIZAODIXIASHIFANGSHUISHIGONGZHONG,YAOZHUYITONGFENG,BAOZHENGTUMODEZHENGCHANGGANZAO。 

3.6.3、QIANFENG:XIANZAIFENGDELIANGBIANSHUAYIBIANQIANFENGCAILIAO,RANHOUJIANGFENGEFENGQIANTIANMISHI,YAOZHANJIELAOGU,WUKONGGUXIANXIANG,BIAOMIANKEGAOCHUZHAOPINGCENG1-2mm。 

3.6.4、SHIYIDESHIGONGWENDUWEI 5℃ ~ 35℃。

3.6.5、ZAIGAIZAODIXIASHIFANGSHUIXIUJIUGONGCHENGZHONG,YAOYONGDIXIAZHUANYONGFANGSHUIJIAOHEJUHEWUFANGSHUISHAJIANGFUHEZUOFA,BUKEDANDUSHIYONG。

3.6 BAOHUCENGSHIGONG

3.6.1DIXIASHIDIBANBAOHUCENGCAILIAOYIXUANYONGSHUINISHAJIANG;LIQIANGBAOHUCENGYIXUANYONG50~60mmHOUDEJUBENYIXIPAOMOBANDENGRUANBAOHU;CHEKUDINGBANKEZUOXISHIHUNNINGTUBAOHU,BAOHUCENGYUFANGSHUICENGJIANSHEGELICENG;XIUJIUDIXIAKEJIANGJUHEWUFANGSHUISHAJIANGZUOWEIFANGSHUIBAOHUCENGLAISHIYONG。

3.7KEYONGSHIJIANYUGANGUSHIJIAN

3.7.1KEYONGSHIJIAN:HUNHEJIANGLIAOZUIHAOZAI8XIAOSHINEIYONGWAN,CIRIJINGJIAOBANWUJIEKUAIDEJIANGLIAO,JUNKEJIXUSHIYONG。

3.7.2GANGUSHIJIAN:YIBANTUCENGGANGUSHIJIANZAI6~8GEXIAOSHI。XIANCHANGHUANJINGWENDUDI、SHIDUDA、TONGFENGHUANJINGBUHAO,GANGUSHIJIANZHANGXIE;FANZHIDUANXIE。

3.8SHIGONGJIJU

3.8.1JIMIANQINGLIGONGJU:CHUIZI、ZAOZI、CHANZI、GANGSISHUA、SAOZHOU、MOBUDENG;

3.8.2QULIAOPEILIAOGONGJU:SHUITONG、BANLIAOTONG、JIAOBANQI、JIANZIDENG;

3.8.3CAILIAOTUFUGONGJU:GUNZI(JIAOXIDELIAODAMIAN)XIANGJIAOGUABAN(JIAOCHOUDELIAO)、SHUAZI(TUCENGBIAOMIANXIUPINGHUOGUANGENDENGYIXINGBUWEIDEHUANJING)。

3.9CHENGPINYANSHOU

3.9.1、FANGSHUICENGBUYINGYOUDUIJI、LIEWEN、QIAOBIAN,FENCENGDENGXIANXIANG。FANGSHUICENGTUSHUABUSHAOYU3-4BIAN

3.9.2、BAOHUCENGSHIGONGSHITUCENGXUWANQUANGANGU,YIBANZAI48GEXIAOSHIHOUJINXING。

3.9.3、FANGSHUIJIAOTUCENGSHUAICHADAJIEBUFENYINGDAYU100mm。

3.9.4、FANGSHUIJIAOTUCENGDEPINGJUNHOUDUWEI1.5mm,QIZUIXIAOHOUDUBUDEXIAOYU80%。